The False Gharial is similar to its Indian relative, the true Gharial, but has a thicker snout than its relative. The False gharial was once classified alongside the Crocodiles in the family Crocodylidae, but new immunological studies suggest that the False Gharial is more closely related to the Gharial than previously thought. Also until recently, the False gharial was once thought to have a similar diet to its cousin the Gharial (i.e., only fish, very small vertebrates, and aquatic invertebrates), but new evidence and occurrences have proven that the false gharial's broader snout has enabled larger individuals to prey on larger vertebrates (such as monkeys, deer, and fruit bats).
The False Gharial is found on the Malay peninsula, Sumatra, and Borneo in South-east Asia. The false gharial is threatened with extinction throughout most of its range due to the drainage of its freshwater swamplands and clearance of surrounding rainforests. It is rated as "Endangered" by the IUCN.