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The greater one-horned rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The species once existed across the entire northern part of the Indian subcontinent, along the Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra River basins, from Pakistan to the Indian-Burmese border, including parts of Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan, and also may have existed in Myanmar, southern China, and Indochina. Indian rhinos were common in northwestern India and Pakistan until around 1600, but disappeared from that region shortly thereafter and declined sharply throughout their range over the next three hundred years. Come the turn of the 20th Century, the species was on the brink of extinction.
Today, wild populations of this species currently number approximately 3,270 individuals and are found in northern India and Nepal. Close to 85% of the total population occurs in India, with about 75% in the state of Assam. One protected area in particular, Kaziranga National Park, holds an estimated 70% of the world population. The other protected areas in Assam where this species occurs include the Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary, Orang National Park and Manas National Park. It also occurs in Dudwha National Park in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, and in the Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary and Gorumara National Park in the state of West Bengal. In Nepal, approximately more than 500 greater one-horned rhinos occur in Chitwan National Park, Bardiya National Park and the Suklaphanta Wildlife Sanctuary. The species is increasing in number once again, despite the continued threats of poaching and habitat loss (International Rhino Foundation).
In Zoo Tycoon
The Indian Rhino is an adoptable animal in Zoo Tycoon.