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The North African Elephant (Loxodonta Africana Pharaoensis) was a sub-species of elephant that lived in North Africa in ancient antiquity.

Beasts of War

Famous for being used as war elephants in ancient Roman times, these smaller relatives of the African elephant lived around the Atlas Mountains in North Africa. At around 7 feet at the shoulder, these particular animals were more docile than regular elephants, and as such, more tameable. This came in handy when the empires of Carthage, an economic super-power, and Rome went to war. It was a bloody affair, with Rome coming out on top. But that didn't stop these elephants from kicking Roman butt at the Bagradas river in 255 BC.

More than two decades later, they were deployed again, this time under the command of Hannibal Barca, one of history's greatest strategists and generals. When his army came down from the Alps, with elephants in tow, the Romans had no idea what to do, but fortunately for Rome, the beasts succumbed to disease in central Italy. 80 of them were deployed again at the battle of Zama in 202 BC, but they weren't used to their full potential, and they didn't have much of an impact on the end result of the battle, and to a greater extent, the war. After that, these elephants lived in peace for almost a century, up until they were hunted to extinction by the Romans around 100 BC.

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